Road communication and train
Elk is an important transportation hub: road and rail. Ełk scale macro-region is a major road traffic junction. Through the town run national roads: No 16 to the border with Lithuania and national road No. 65 to the border with Belarus.
Distance from Elk to the nearest major cities: Warsaw, Poland (230 km), Białystok (108 km), Olsztyn (151 km), Kaliningrad (191 km), Vilnius (256 km), Kaunas (179 km), Minsk (387 km).
By Elk run the following railway lines: # 38 Bartoszyce, Bialystok- # 41 Elk-Olecko, # 219 Elk-Olsztyn, # 223 Elk-Dysentery.
Via Baltica and Rail Baltica
The city will be run two newly built communication routes: road "Via Baltica" and "Rail Baltica".
Railway Rail Baltica and road connection Via Baltica are part of the trans-European transport corridor connecting Warsaw, Kaunas, Riga, Tallinn and Helsinki. Rail Baltica line is intended first and foremost to the transit traffic of inter-State.
Via Baltica as transport corridor Warsaw-Budzisko, serves as the main road connection between the Baltic States. This international road E67, partially completed as expressway from Warsaw to Tallinn running with Polish by Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia. Part of the Via Baltica to be nowotworzona Expressway S-61, drawn by Ostrów Mazowiecka-Łomża-Ełk-Suwalki-Budzisko which is planned for inclusion in the framework of the TEN-T network.
The Rail Baltica route by an elk is an important solution in terms of connecting the Baltic with Central Poland and the rest of Europe.
Border crossings, airports, sea ports
The strong point of the city is also the location at the junction of routes leading to the border crossing. From the border with Lithuania Elk is ok. 90 km (transition in Budzisku and Ogrodnikach), with Belarus 139 km (transition in Kuźnica Bialystok), however, with Russia moving in gołdap ok. 70 km and transition in Bezledy 140 km.
In contrast to the nearest airports: Szymany (130 km), Warsaw (230 km), Gdansk (317 km), Kaunas (179 km), Vilnius (256 km), Kaliningrad (191 km).
To the nearest sea ports: Gdańsk (317 km), Gdynia (350 km), Kaliningrad (191 km), Klaipėda (394 km).